St. George (Ђурђевдан)

Кратак опис: 

Đurđevdan is a major spring holiday that separates a new, summer season from the winter. It is a holiday of the awakening nature, when community members undertake various ritual actions, seeking to transfer the power of the revitalized nature, primarily new vegetation, to humans and cattle, poultry and bees, to crops and vineyards. Rituals are undertaken on the eve of holidays and they include collecting plants, herbs and flowers used as cattle food, making wreaths to decorate cattle, houses and hives. People wash their faces with water in which herbs were soaked to ensure health and progress, whereas young people bathe in rivers, especially at places close to mills’ water wheels, where they catch water droplets (omaja or omaha) and take them home. After bathing, they wrap willow or dogwood twigs around their waists; they whip children with these twigs or with nettles; young people swing on the trees or roll in crop grains seeking to transfer the strength of the new vegetation to themselves and enhance their vitality and fertility.

The holiday is celebrated once a year, on 6 May, under different names (St George, Đurđevdan, Đurđovdan, Ml’zigruda, Premlaz, Erdelezi) by Christians (Orthodox and Catholic), Muslims, on the entire territory of Serbia, and the feast has an especially important role in the areas where livestock breeding is developed.



Етнографска област или регион: 
widespread in the territory of Serbia
Фотографски материјал: 
Инвентарни број: 
Датум уписа на листу НКН: 
Thursday, October 15, 2015