The practice of casting and burning farmers’ candles (ratarske sveće) is part of Easter rituals in western Serbia. It includes the manufacturing of candles from pure wax and their offering to the Monastery of Tronoša during the last week of the Lent. During the Lent, the inhabitants of villages in the monastery’s vicinity collect contributions (wax or money to buy wax) that will enable them to cast candles. On Holy Wednesday, two candles reaching 50 kg in weight and about 1.5 m in height are cast. On Holy Thursday, in the afternoon, they are brought to Devet Jugovića (Nine Jugović Brothers) fountain near the monastery, to be decorated with flowers and carried in a procession to the monastery yard, where the icons of Jesus Christ and the Holy Virgin are mounted on them and the assembled citizens with the clergy and nuns organize a procession around the church of the Presentation of the Holy Virgin in the Temple. After the procession, the candles are brought into the church, placed next to the sanctuary and used throughout the year, during liturgy on Sundays and holidays. Unused pieces of candles are used for the preparation of new ones, the next year, ensuring that the ritual be perpetuated.
The casting and burning of farmers’ candles is part of social customs, rituals and festivities practised by the inhabitants of the villages of Tršić, Korenita, Zajača, Paskovac, Gornja Borina, Kozjak, in the Jadar region, the Municipality of Loznica and Western Serbia, with the aim of securing a better crop yield, the fertility of livestock, the health of household members and the welfare of the entire community.